Leopold SURVAGE 1879 — 1968
Леопольд СЮРВАЖ • Леопольд СЮРВАЖ
Leopold Survage was born in Moscow, in 1879. He studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture, where he associated with the painters Archipenko, Larionov, and Malevich. Survage exhibited in Moscow in 1907, at the exhibition “La Guirlande”. Moved to Paris in 1908, where he began studying with Matisse at his academy on the Boulevard des Invalides. Archipenko introduced him into the art circles of Paris. Survage began exhibiting with Cubists at the Salon des Independants in 1911 and Salon d’Autumne in 1912 and throughout his career. By 1912-1913 created a style of painting called “Rhythme Colore”, bearing similarities to abstract expressionist works. These compositions were meant to convey the idea of music. G.Apollinaire quickly recognized the importance of this style and wrote a preface for the catalog of Survage’s first one-man exhibition at Galerie Bongard in 1917. In 1919 Survage was one of the founders of the Section D’Or and had three one man exhibitions and many group shows, including the famous “Masters of Cubism” at gallery l’Effort Moderne. In 1922, Diaghilev commissioned Survage to design décor and costumes for Stravinsky’s ballet “Mara” for Ballet Russe. After 1924, he brought changes to his art by applying bright colors and including series of figures in landscapes, which became one of his hallmark. Survage exhibited throughout the world in one-man shows, group shows, and large exhibitions almost until his death in 1968.